Free Access

Table 3

 Mean values with standard errors (SE) of sway area and body sway observed in kata and kumite karatekas in eyes open (EO) and closed (EC) conditions on firm (FIRM) and foam (FOAM) supports.

Parameters Conditions Kata (n = 11) Kumite (n = 12)


Mean (SE) Mean (SE)
Sway area (mm2) EO + FIRM
EC + FIRM
EO + FOAM
EC + FOAM
135 (11)
139 (14)
351 (26)
898 (79)
176 (14)
200 (20)
413 (51)
1064 (97)
Body sways (mm) EO + FIRM
EC + FIRM
EO + FOAM
EC + FOAM
224 (16)
287 (23)
439 (19)
860 (61)
300 (19)
371 (27)
526 (38)
945 (64)

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.