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Table 5

Intrapersonal emotion regulation strategy types (n = 250).

Strategy Frequency Quotes
Music 48 I listen to upbeat but nice music to keep my anger low and save for the game.
Visualization/rehearsal 42 Visualizing positive moves I can make in the game, i.e., take on a defender.
Physical movements 35 Warm up. Increase heart rate to enhance energetic feeling. Ran to sports hall.
Interactions with others 34 Interact with my teammates.
Self-talk 26 Used self-talk, psyching myself up to increase anger levels. Telling myself I need to get angry.
Focus or distractions 12 Focusing on the game and not worrying how the result ends.
Solitude 9 Alone time to concentrate on task in hand.
Reappraisals 9 Treating the match as if it is a cup final so I am fully switched on.
Consumption of food or drink 8 Eating good tasty meal before the game to get rid of hunger and increase happiness.
Recollecting past events 8 Think of previous good performance.
Breathing 7 Breathing techniques. Used deep breaths in and out to try and calm self down.
Goal-setting 6 I set goals for myself to be able to work harder and maintain happiness throughout the game.
Positive thinking 5 Use quotes from experienced people to bring to mind good emotions.
Self-care 1 Have a morning wash freshens me up to feel more awake and ready. Feel clean.

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